An Attempt at Enriching the Information on the Fortification of Colonia Flavia Pacis Deultensium

  • Dilyana Boteva Department of Ancient History and Thracian Studies St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia 15 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd., 1504 Sofia
  • Rumyana Milcheva Department of Classical Archaeology National Archaeological Institute with Museum Bulgarian Academy of Sciences 2 Saborna Str., 1000 Sofia
Keywords: Anchialos, Asellius Aemilianus, city fortification, corona muralis, Deultum, Fortuna-Tyche, Iulius Castus, Lucilla, Lucius Verus, Serdica, Thracia


The authors are trying to reason a possibility to date the construction of the first fortification wall of colonia Flavia Pacis Deultensium, situated in the southeastern part of the province of Thracia. Their study is focused on two types of monuments – Roman provincial coinage and a fragmentary marble sculpture of a turreted head of a young woman, found back in the 1930s but never properly published so far. The methodological basis of the present research is fixed by the understanding that the appearance of a turreted City-Goddess on city coins was possible only if the respective city was either fortified or in the process of being fortified, and by the conclusion >that the depiction of city fortifications on coins appears only within issues that are synchronous with the very final stage of the construction works. The crucial point of this research is the precise description and dating of the sculpture, based on a thorough autopsy. As a result of the present study, the following conclusion came forth: the activities concerning the fortification of Deultum could have started ca. AD 165 and might have been finalized prior to AD 184-185.